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上海雅思阅读摘要题怎么破

  • 来源:朗阁教育
  • 2018/7/7 15:12:30
  • 编辑:上海朗阁

雅思阅读摘要题怎么破主要从摘要题的两种考试形式出发,以下就让上海朗阁小编给大家讲解了做题的方法,同学们可以参考一下。

雅思阅读摘要题怎么破主要从摘要题的两种考试形式出发,以下就让上海朗阁小编给大家讲解了做题的方法,同学们可以参考一下。

一、不带选项的摘要题

大家做不带选项的摘要题时,可以直接根据关键词定位到原文,然后仔细阅读文章,寻找正确答案。举个例子,剑10 test 4 passage 2 Questions 14-18

Complete the summary below. Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Psychologists have traditionally believed that a personality 14_____was impossible and that by a 15_____ ,a person’s character tends to be fixed. This is not true according to positive psychologists, who say that our personal qualities can be seen as habitual behaviour. One of the easiest qualities to acquire is 16_____. However, regardless of the quality, it is necessary to learn a wide variety of different 17_____in order for a new quality to develop; for example, a person must understand and feel some 18_____ in order to increase their happiness.

我们可以根据Psychologists定位到原文的Section A第一段首句:Psychologists have long held that a person’s character cannot undergo a transformation in any meaningful way and that the key traits of personality are determined at a very young age. “心理学家长久以来一直认为”与题目中的Psychologists have traditionally believed that是同义替换信息,而题干问“个性的什么是不可能发生的”,对比原文“人的个性不可能经历任何有意义的改变”,答案为 transformation 。

二、带选项的摘要题

带选项的摘要题大家可以先看选项框,将所有的词汇按照词性进行归类,这样我们每个空格的备选答案就大大减少,提高做题的速度和准确度。然后再根据题目中的定位词到原文中定位,比较题目和原文,确定最终答案。举个例子,剑10 test 2 passage 3 Questions 27-31

Complete the summary using the list of words, A-L, below.

Write the correct letter, A-L, in boxes 27-31 on your answer sheet.

The value attached to original works of art

People go to art museums because they accept the value of seeing an original work of art. But they do not go to museums to read original manuscripts of novels, perhaps because the availability of novels has depended on 27________for so long, and also because with novels, the 28______ are the most important thing.

However, in historical times artists such as Leonardo were happy to instruct 29_______to produce copies of their work and these days new methods of reproduction allow excellent replication of surface relief features as well as colour and 30______.

It is regrettable that museums still promote the superiority of original works of art, since this may not be in the interests of the 31_________.

这个选项框内的所有词汇都是名词,同学们无法进行词汇归类,可以直接到原文中定位。第27题,我们可以根据空格前的名词novels定位到原文的第二段第二句the novel has evolved precisely because of technological developments that made it possible to print out huge numbers of texts,我们可以发现huge numbers of texts与mass production是同义替换。

同学们要注意做带选项的摘要题时,填写答案的时候要将单词和选项正确对照。不要知道了正确的词汇,却填错了字母。

上面就是给大家分享的上海雅思阅读摘要题的做题技巧和备考方法,仅供参考。

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